Your body has its own incredible repair systems. When you fall down and skin your knee, your body sends stem cells to the injured area to begin repairing and replacing the damaged skin and tissue. When you break a bone, your body sends stem cells to help the broken bones grow back together.
For almost any kind of damage or injury, your body has the tools and systems in place to make the needed repairs to keep you going. It is sending your own stem cells (along with a few other special cells) to repair the damage.
But as we age, our body produces fewer stem cells on its own. And the stem cells that it does produce, are just not quite as “healthy and strong” as when you were young. This is the reason why a baby’s skin is always so soft and smooth compared to a more “mature” adult.
As a result, when our “more mature” joints are injured or damaged from arthritis or degeneration, we just don't have as many stem cells to repair the damage as when we were young, nor are the stem cells as strong and healthy to make the repairs. This is why most of the recent advancements in regenerative medicine have focused on using stem cells and growth factors from healthy young umbilical cord tissue.
And that’s where stem cell and regenerative therapy comes in...